Managing Diabetes

Dr. Wajdi Khaddaj
Specialist in Family Medicine
American University of Beirut

Many of us believe that diabetes is just numbers, meaning that each lab result exceeding 110 mg/dl means that the patient is suffering from diabetes only. But the truth is, after two years of research, it was found that diabetes is actually several diseases affecting various organs in the body, such as cerebral arteries, heart, eye and kidney. Here lies the importance of diabetes treatment in order to protect these important organs in the body.

The changes that occur in large, medium-sized and small arteries, which prevent normal blood flow to the above-mentioned organs make the effects of diabetes appear similar to the impact of a host -not just one- of other diseases.

Hence, the patient must take diabetes seriously and work hard by all means to reduce hazardous effects on the body.

The main treatment options to manage diabetes are summed up below:

First: daily lifestyle modification regarding the type and quantity of food.

Second: regular and non- stressful exercise.

Third: medications prescribed by the physician only.

In the next lines, I will comment on the importance of the type and quantity of food because the role of the collaborating patient in this context leads to impressive results.

As general guidelines, I would advise you to:

  1. Reduce the amount of food intake in general.
  2. Reduce and even stop eating bread, desserts of all kinds and instead increase your consumption of vegetables rich in fibers and lean protein sources.

Although sticking to all these guidelines may seem difficult, in the end, the first and last goal is to maintain the patient’s health. A strong will, coupled with a solid support system from the health care team, is an essential combination to ensure the patient reaches his health goal.

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