Triglycerides or TG is a type of fat produced by the body. If you have diabetes, try to keep TG below 150 mg/dl by following these steps:
- Lose weight
- Increase physical activity
- Consume carbohydrates in moderation (<60% of your daily food intake)
- Have sources rich in omega 3 such as fish oil, fish, flaxseeds and walnuts
- Reduce alcohol consumption
- Quit smoking!
And always consult your dietitian and doctor!
LDL levels can be lowered with medication and these lifestyle changes:
- Increase fiber intake found in, vegetables, fruit and whole grains.
- Have some soy protein
- Reduce saturated fat found in chicken skins, meat, whole milk, and full fat dairy products, as well as dietary cholesterol in eggs, shrimps, liver, butter, and some animal products
- Avoid trans fat found in processed food
- Increase your intake of olive oil, avocado, and peanut butter (in moderation)
- Have a variety of fruits and v egetables
Simple steps to increase your HDL level (the good cholesterol):
- Lose some weight as directed by your dietitian
- Increase your level of physical activity to at least 150 minutes per week
- Limit alcohol consumption
- Avoid trans fat. It is found in processed foods, margarine, doughnuts, pizza dough, crackers etc.
- Consume monounsaturated fat in moderation (olive oil, peanut butter etc.)
- Consume Omega-3 fatty acids found in such as fish,walnuts and flaxseeds
- Quit smoking
LDL “Bad” Cholesterol
"Bad" cholesterol or LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein) refers to the carrier that transports cholesterol to the arteries leading over time to the narrowing of the arteries and serious problems including atherosclerosis, stroke and heart attacks. LDL in diabetes patients should be kept <100 mg/dl and even below 70 mg/dl if you have cardiovascular disease.
"Good" cholesterol or HDL(High Density Lipoprotein) refers to the carrier that transports cholesterol from the arteries to the liver in order to be excreted out of the body.
HDL in diabetes should be > 40 mg/dl in men and > 50 mg/dl in women.