Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include:
- First-degree relative with diabetes
- Physical inactivity
- Members of a high-risk population (African American, Latino, Native American, Asian-American, and Pacific Islander)
- Women who have delivered a baby weighing more than 9 lb or have been diagnosed with GDM
- Hypertensive (blood pressure 140/90 mm Hg or more or taking medication for hypertension)
- High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level of less than 35 mg/dL (0.9 mmol/L) or a triglyceride level of more than 250 mg/dL (2.82 mmol/L)
- Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Al C of 5.7% or more, IGT, or IFG on previous testing
- Severe obesity
- Family history of Cardiovascular disease
All people with a BMI >25 and at least one risk factor for type 2 diabetes should consult their doctor for screening of diabetes.
So maintain your BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 and always consult your doctor and dietitian when this number deviates!